This paper aims to propose a tentative consolidation of Baudrillardʼs notion of the Real as that which is inaccessible through its status as always-already reproduced, and Žižekʼs development of Lacanʼs notion of the Real as that which resists symbolic signification and imaginary representation. While both notions (as well as their authors) bear obvious variances, they also share similarities insofar as they designate an unapproachable beyond that can only be apprehended in retrospect. Through the analysis of The Matrix and its criticized ties to Baudrillardʼs ontological stance on simulacra and simulation, that I tie to a Žižekian ontology, I venture a Baudrillardian/Žižekian/Lacanian frame that is then used to discuss The Thirteenth Floor, a film that appears much more radical in its problematization of the Real. By proposing a parallel conception of the Real through Baudrillard and Žižek, the aim of this paper is first and foremost the opening of Žižekian media studies to Baudrillardʼs theoretical framework.
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Cet article est d'abord paru dans The International Journal of Žižek Studies, vol. 10, n°1, en 2016.